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World Leaders Pay Tribute To Kofi Annan

The first black African U.N. Secretary-General has been remembered by leaders around the world for his impact on global politics.

Tributes continue to flood in for former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan who died on Saturday at the age of 80.

World leaders, business people and celebrities have praised the life and work of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate after decades of championing efforts to try to end protracted conflicts in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.

In Geneva, the Kofi Annan Foundation announced his peaceful death after a short undisclosed illness with "immense sadness", saying he was surrounded in his last days by his second wife Nane and children Ama, Kojo and Nina.

Russian President Vladimir Putin says he admired Annan for his wisdom and courage.

The Kremlin's press office quoted Putin's message to the current UN chief on Saturday offering condolences to the UN as well as Annan's family and his native Ghana.

"I sincerely admired his wisdom and courage as well as his ability to make balanced decisions even under the most dire and critical circumstances," Putin says. "Russians will keep the memory of him forever."

Annan spent virtually his entire career as an administrator in the UN, serving two terms as secretary-general from January, 1997 to December, 2006, capped nearly midway when he and the UN were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001.

French President Emmanuel Macron said in a tweet that "we will never forget his calm and resolute look, nor his strength in battles."

British Prime Minister Theresa May tweeted that Annan "made a huge contribution to making the world he has left a better place than the one he was born into."

In Iran, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in a tweet called Annan "a toweing (sic) global leader and an unwavering champion for peace, justice and rule of law. Rest in peace, my dear old friend."

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg tweeted that Annan's "warmth should never be mistaken for weakness ... The UN and the world have lost one of their giants."

Former South African archbishop Desmond Tutu said "we give great thanks to god" for him.

He said the Ghanaian-born Annan "represented our continent and the world with enormous graciousness, integrity and distinction."

Annan took over from Tutu as chair of The Elders, an elite group of former leaders founded by Nelson Mandela.

Tutu called it a "tremendous honour" to be succeeded by Annan and calls his death an "unexpected and devastating loss."

After rising through the ranks of the United Nations, Annan served two terms as UN Secretary-General in New York from 1997-2006 and retired to live in a Swiss village in the Geneva countryside. His 10-year-old foundation promotes good governance and the transformation of African agriculture.

"In many ways, Kofi Annan was the United Nations. He rose through the ranks to lead the organisation into the new millennium with matchless dignity and determination," UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, whom Annan had chosen to head the UN refugee agency, said in a statement.

Annan and the UN shared the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize for efforts to reform the world body and give priority to human rights issues.

As head of UN peacekeeping operations, Annan was criticised for the world body's failure to halt the genocide in Rwanda in the 1990s.

As UN boss he was linked to peace efforts to reunite the divided island of Cyprus, submitting a reunification blueprint which was rejected in a referendum by Greek Cypriots in 2004.

He staunchly opposed the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and later served as the first UN envoy at the start of Syria's war, but quit after world powers failed to fulfil their commitments, saying: "I lost my troops on the way to Damascus".

"The UN can be improved, it is not perfect but if it didn't exist you would have to create it," he told the BBC's Hard Talk during an interview for his 80th birthday in April, recorded at the Geneva Graduate Institute where he had studied.

"I am a stubborn optimist, I was born an optimist and will remain an optimist," added Annan.

Raila Odinga, Kenyan opposition leader and former prime minister, said on Citizen TV: "We didn't expect Kofi to pass that abruptly. Kofi Annan is a man of integrity; a great African, a great leader of the world."

Former US presidents praised Annan.

In a statement, former President Barack Obama said Annan embodied the U.N.'s mission like few others.

"His integrity, persistence, optimism, and sense of our common humanity always informed his outreach to the community of nations," he said.

"Long after he had broken barriers, Kofi never stopped his pursuit of a better world, and made time to motivate and inspire the next generation of leaders. Michelle and I offer our condolences to his family and many loved ones."

George W. Bush called him "a gentle man and a tireless leader of the United Nations", while Barack Obama described him as "a diplomat and humanitarian who embodied the mission of the United Nations like few others".

US President Donald Trump made no comment on Saturday although he reportedly sent eight tweets on other matters.

"Kofi Annan devoted his life to making the world a more peaceful place through his compassion and dedication to service. He worked tirelessly to unite us and never stopped fighting for the dignity of every person," US envoy to the UN Nikki Haley said.

The Elders, a group of former leaders including Gro Harlem Brundtland and Mary Robinson, paid tribute to their inspiring chairman, noting his visits to South Africa and Zimbabwe in July.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein, paid tribute to Annan as "humanity's best example, the epitome, of human decency and grace".

Zeid, who has criticised major powers and other countries during his four-year term that ends later this month, said that whenever he felt "isolated and alone politically", he would go for long walks with Annan in Geneva.

"When I told him once how everyone was grumbling about me, he looked at me -- like a father would look at a son -- and said sternly: "You're doing the right thing, let them grumble." Then he grinned!"