Five Things You Need To Know About Trump And Kim's Nuclear Summit

The main points you need to know from the North Korea summit in Singapore.

It's been dominating the news all day long, but if you've not been following along on every update on our live blog (uhh, why have you not??), you might have a lot of questions.

Here's what you need to know.

The long-awaited summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un has -- according to the U.S. president -- been a big success, with North Korea recommitting to a process of denuclearisation. Here are the five main points you need to know about.

North Korea has recommitted to denuclearisation

This is the main point coming out of today, and depending on who you listen to, it's either a very significant development or nothing much at all. In reality, it's somewhere in the middle. North Korea had already committed to this process in an agreement from April this year, and in full, that part of the agreement signed by Trump and Kim talks of "reaffirming the April 27, 2018 Panmunjom Declaration".

Trump and Kim shake hands after signing a document following their summit (REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst)

This is not a new agreement, simply re-emphasising an old agreement. It's not ground-breaking, it's just committing Kim to honouring a past agreement. In essence, it's nothing new. But, as has been noted, it is significant that he signed this pledge while sitting next to the President of the United States. It is significant that he made this pledge at such a high-profile event. It is significant that Trump has inserted himself and the U.S. into this process. It's not a new agreement, but it's a new commitment to promises already made.

The agreement spoke of further talks to take place, and Trump said he would "absolutely" welcome having Kim at the White House in Washington D.C. Trump also called the North Korean dictator "a very talented man" who "loves his country very much".

"Very worthy, very smart negotiator, absolutely. We had a terrific day. We learned a lot about each other and about our countries," Trump told media.

Sanctions will remain against North Korea, but war games will stop

Many had feared that Trump, having commented -- seemingly almost boasted -- that he had not done much preparation for the summit, would ignorantly trade away an important piece of the puzzle in exchange for Kim's support. Some feared Trump would dramatically drop sanctions against the hermit kingdom, or relax other military stipulations. So far, those fears have gone unfounded. Trump told a press conference after the summit that sanctions would remain against North Korea until the denuclearisation process is well on its way.

Trump speaks during a news conference after the summit (REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst)

However, Trump did say that the American armed forces' high-profile 'war game' military exercises with South Korea, often seen as a display of strength against North Korea, would cease.

The President also said he hoped to bring American soldiers home who are stationed in the region.

Trump spoke of a possible reunification of North and South Korea

"To realise their amazing destiny, to reunite their national family, the menace of nuclear weapons will now be removed. In the meantime, the sanctions will remain in effect," Trump told the press conference.

EPA/KEVIN LIM / THE STRAITS TIMES / SPH

"We dream of a future where all Koreans can live together in harmony, where families are reunited and hopes are reborn and where the light of peace chases away the darkness of war. This bright future... is within our reach."

While sanctions will remain, Trump said war game military exercises with South Korea would cease.

Verification of the denuclearisation process remains murky

The agreement commits Kim to denuclearising North Korea, but the document does not mention how this process would be verified. Several questions were asked of Trump about how this would be monitored, and whether he trusted Kim.

"Can you ensure anything? Can I ensure you're going to be able to sit down properly when you sit down. You can't ensure anything. All I can say is that they want to make a deal," Trump told one reporter.

However, Trump said there would be lots of inspectors on the ground in North Korea monitoring the process.

This is all going to happen soon

Trump says denuclearisation of North Korea is "gonna start very soon."

"We will do it as fast as it can mechanically and physically be done," he said.

"Once you start the process, it means it's pretty much over. Can't use them. That's the good news and that's gonna start very soon."